The Little Man Computer
Programming.Posted April 12, 2011. 321 words.
The Little Man Computer (LMC) is an instructional model of a computer, created by Dr. Stuart Madnick in 1965. The LMC is generally used to teach students, because it models a simple von Neumann architecture computer - which has all of the basic features of a modern computer. It can be programmed in machine (albeit usually in decimal) or assembly code.
For reference, here is some example code that takes numbers as input, and squares the result. Credit Wikipedia.
START LDA ZERO // Initialize for multiple program run STA RESULT STA COUNT INP // User provided input BRZ END // Branch to program END if input = 0 STA VALUE // Store input as VALUE LOOP LDA RESULT // Load the RESULT ADD VALUE // Add VALUE, the user provided input, to RESULT STA RESULT // Store the new RESULT LDA COUNT // Load the COUNT ADD ONE // Add ONE to the COUNT STA COUNT // Store the new COUNT SUB VALUE // Subtract the user provided input VALUE from COUNT BRZ ENDLOOP // If zero (VALUE has been added to RESULT by VALUE times), branch to ENDLOOP BRA LOOP // Branch to LOOP to continue adding VALUE to RESULT ENDLOOP LDA RESULT // Load RESULT OUT // Output RESULT BRA START // Branch to the START to initialize and get another input VALUE END HLT // HALT - a zero was entered so done! RESULT DAT // Computed result (defaults to 0) COUNT DAT // Counter (defaults to 0) ONE DAT 1 // Constant, value of 1 VALUE DAT // User provided input, the value to be squared (defaults to 0) ZERO DAT // Constant, value of 0 (defaults to 0)
In the absence of any Windows desktop emulator, I created my own in .NET and here it is. View and download on GitHub.